Kulak Sağlığı ve İşitme Kaybı Hakkında Bilmeniz Gerekenler

Kulaklarınızı ve işitmenizi doğal olarak kabul etmek kolaydır. Ancak kulaklarınıza dikkat etmeye başlamak için bir sorununuz olana kadar beklemeyin. Onlarla şimdi ilgilen. İyi kulak bakımı iyi kulak sağlığını destekler. Kulak enfeksiyonlarını önleyebilir. Hatta işitme kaybını önlemeye yardımcı olabilir.

Daha İyi Sağlığa Giden Yol
Sağlıklı kulakların ilk adımı temiz kulaklardır. Temiz kulakları kulak kiri olmayan kulaklarla karıştırmayın. Kulağınızın içinde kulak kiri olacak şekilde tasarlanmıştır. Bu ağ, toz ve diğer potansiyel olarak zararlı şeylerin kulaklarınıza girmesini önler.

Kulakları temiz tutmak, kulakların dışını da temizlemeyi içerir. Kulak kiri çıkarmak için kulağınıza kesinlikle pamuklu çubuk sokmamalısınız. Aslında balmumu çıkarmaz. Tek yaptığı, balmumunu kulak zarınıza daha yakın bir yere sıkmak. Kulak kiri kulak zarınıza yakın olmamalıdır. Bu, işitme kaybının en yaygın nedenlerinden biri olan tıkanmaya neden olabilir.

Kulaklarınızda kulak kiri olduğunu düşünüyorsanız, kulak kiri yumuşatmayı deneyebilirsiniz. Bunu kulağınıza birkaç damla mineral yağ koyarak yapabilirsiniz. Madeni yağınız yoksa bebe yağı veya gliserin kullanabilirsiniz. Bu işe yaramazsa, GP’nizi görmelisiniz.

Dış kulağınızı temizlemek için su, yumuşak sabun ve bir bez kullanın. Üst kulağın kıvrımlarından geçirmek için pamuklu çubuk da kullanabilirsiniz; Kulak kanalınıza sokmayın. Yüzünüzü kulaklarınızın üstünü ve arkasını silmek için bir bez kullanın.

Küpeleriniz varsa, bunları düzenli olarak ovma alkolüyle temizleyin. Küpelerinizi de düzenli olarak ovma alkolü ile temizlemelisiniz. Bu, olası enfeksiyonlara karşı korunmaya yardımcı olur.

Ayrıca kulak kanalı enfeksiyonu kapabilirsiniz. Kulak kanalındaki nem, bakterilerin orada büyümesini teşvik edebilir. En yaygın enfeksiyonlardan biri yüzücü kulağıdır. Kendinizi bu enfeksiyonlardan korumanın en iyi yolu kulaklarınızı kuru tutmaktır. Duştan veya yüzdükten sonra kulaklarınızı kurulamak için bir havlu kullanın.

Gürültü azaltma
Yüksek sesler kulaklarınızdaki küçük kemiklere zarar verebilir ve işitme kaybına neden olabilir. Bu gürültü kaynaklı işitme kaybı herhangi bir zamanda olabilir. Ya da zamanla olabilir.

Düzenli olarak yüksek seslere maruz kalıyorsanız, kulak koruyucu takmalısınız. Bu, kulak tıkaçları, kulak üstü kulaklıklar veya diğer işitme koruma cihazları olabilir. Yüksek sesli sesler ne kadar uzun sürerse, işitme duyunuza zarar verme olasılığının o kadar yüksek olduğunu unutmayın. Ve yüksek ses seviyesindeki yüksek sesli patlamaları duymak daha da tehlikelidir. Bu nedenle, gürültülü bir konsere, atış poligonuna veya havai fişek gösterisine katılırken, işitme koruması takmalısınız.

Kişisel bir ses cihazında çok yüksek sesle müzik dinlemek de işitme kaybına neden olabilir, ve işitme cihazı kullanmak zorunda kalabilirsiniz. İster kulakiçi ister kulaklık kullanıyor olun, yüksek ses seviyesinde müzik dinlemek işitme duyunuza ciddi şekilde zarar verebilir.

İşitme duyunuzu korumak için Dünya Sağlık Örgütü (WHO), kulaklıkla dinleme süresini ve ses düzeyini sınırlamanızı önerir. WHO’ya göre günde bir saatten fazla kullanılmamalıdır. Ve hacim ` aşmamalıdır. DSÖ ayrıca gürültü önleyici kulaklıkların kullanılmasını önermektedir. Bunlar, müzik dinleme dürtüsüyle savaşmanıza yardımcı olabilir.

Gürültülü barlar veya spor müsabakaları gibi işitme korumasının pratik olmadığı gürültülü ortamlar vardır. Bu ortamlarda vakit geçiriyorsanız mümkün olduğunca kulaklarınızı dinlendirmeye çalışmalısınız. Kulak uzmanları, gürültülü bir gecede hayatta kalabilmek için kulaklarınızın yaklaşık 16 saat sessizliğe ihtiyaç duymasını önerir.

Akılda tutulması gerekenler
Kulaklarınıza iyi baksanız ve gürültüye maruz kalmanızı sınırlandırsanız bile, işitme duyunuzu riske atıyor olabilirsiniz. Bazı ilaçlar işitme kaybıyla ilişkilendirilmiştir. Kayıp kademeli veya ani olabilir. Kulak çınlaması (tinnitus) ile de başlayabilir. Ayrıca dengesiz hissedebilirsiniz.

İlacınızı tam olarak reçete edildiği şekilde almanız önemlidir. Bu, reçetesiz satılan ilaçlar için bile geçerlidir. Aspirin (marka: Bayer) veya ibuprofen (marka: Advil) gibi yaygın bir şey işitme kaybına katkıda bulunabilir.

Ne zaman doktora görünmeli?
Okul çağındaki çocukların çoğu okulda yılda bir kez check-up yaptırır. İşitme kaybı veya diğer kulak problemleri olmayan yetişkinlerde daha uzun sürebilir. Amerikan Konuşma ve Dil Derneği, yetişkinlerin 50 yaşına kadar en az 10 yılda bir taranmasını önermektedir. Bundan sonra, işitme duyunuzu her 35 yılda bir kontrol ettirmelisiniz.

İşitme kaybınız olduğunu düşünüyorsanız doktorunuza danışmalısınız. İşitme kaybının birçok türü ve işitme kaybının birçok nedeni vardır. Bazı işitme kayıpları kalıcı, bazıları ise geçicidir. Telefonda veya gürültülü bir ortamda iyi duyamıyorsanız, işitme testi yaptırmalısınız.

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